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Covid-19 Lockdown Part Two

Many states and counties all over the U.S. are now making it law to wear a mask. The mandatory mask is according to what level your area is in regarding positive Covid-19 cases. The penalty for violating an health order is a second-degree misdemeanor punishable by up to a 90-day jail term or a fine not more than $750. Some people agree with this and others do not. Do you think mask should be mandatory? Do you think wearing a mask will prevent you from getting Coronavirus?

Although the government likes to release information weekly or monthly, its clear that the majority of states will adhere to this new law, possibly one county at a time. As numbers increase in 45 states, do you foresee another Coronavirus Lockdown. Some states have already closed again and by the looks of things, other states are soon to follow. See details below.

As confirmed coronavirus cases top 10.5 million globally and as many as 45 US states are seeing increases in new case numbers, the question becomes even more poignant: Is this the second wave health experts warned of since the pandemic began?

According to the top US infectious disease expert, Dr. Anthony Fauci, no, this is not the second wave. The virus is actually still very much on its first pass.

In the US, the coronavirus’s curve hadn’t even been completely flattened yet when a wave of new cases began to build momentum at the end of June. Now, Fauci predicts we could see as many as 100,000 new cases per day in the coming weeks. The reason? Loosened lockdown restrictions and the widespread flouting of social distancing and face mask guidelines, he said.

We examine what experts say a second wave of coronavirus might look like, when it could happen, the difference between a “wave” and a “spike” and more.

A second wave of coronavirus cases? The latest news

Why are there more confirmed coronavirus cases now?

There are several explanations for why coronavirus cases are rising now. A greater portion of the population is being tested, for example, so there are more positive test results in total. However, an analysis by ProPublica in late June demonstrates that the rate of positive results is outpacing the rate of expanded testing, meaning testing alone can’t be blamed for the recent surge. The need for more hospital beds in affected states like CaliforniaArizona and Texas also suggests that the overall caseload is rising in addition to the greater number of positive results.

Loosened lockdown restrictions and social gatherings where people are closer than the recommended six feet could also contribute to new cases. And the virus is now circulating in new populations, for example, 20- to 30-year-olds. Experts believe this all contributes to the rising numbers. 

Could there be another lockdown?

It’s already starting to happen. So far at least 19 US states have either paused or reversed their reopening plans in response to recent surges in coronavirus cases. For example, Texas and Florida — two of the first states to lift lockdown restrictions — recently walked back the reopening of restaurants and bars, which now have had to close their doors for a second time.

In other parts of the world that have experienced a surge of coronavirus infections after lifting lockdown restrictions, many such measures have been reinstated. In June, Germany extended its lockdown in North Rhine-Westphalia by a week and the UK has imposed a local lockdown in the city of Leicester, both due to increases in coronavirus cases.

Until there’s an effective vaccine, it’s possible that different parts of the US and the world will see fluctuating degrees of lockdown as governments adjust their response in the ongoing battle against the coronavirus.

What are the effects of reopening the economy on coronavirus cases?

For public health and medical experts, the correlation seems high, even “totally predictable.” Others posit that in addition to people coming into close proximity, the virus might be “catching up” to populations that had previously been uninfected.

Public health experts have warned that it’s too soon to reopen businesses and resume social activities, such as going to the lake or beach and visiting amusement parks, even with limited capacity. Others have argued that cities must reopen to keep the economy afloat, and that protective health measures will curb coronavirus transmission in restaurants, schools, malls and on planes. 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have also released guidelines to help local governments identify phases for reopening, and interim suggestions for restaurants, schools and industry.

Part of the problem is that the full extent of short- and long-term effects of the coronavirus and the COVID-19 disease it causes are still unknown, including how long you may be immune after you recover and if it’s possible to become reinfected. Most experts agree that until we have an effective coronavirus vaccine, the only way to slow the spread of the virus is by taking precautions like social distancingwearing face masks in public and washing hands correctly and frequently.

Do we still expect a second coronavirus wave this fall?

Most public health experts — including Fauci and the Director of the CDC, Dr. Robert Redfield — have said they anticipate a big uptick to happen this fall or winter. The White House has admitted it’s preparing for the possibility. A new model also suggests an increase in coronavirus-related deaths this September, CNN reported. However, part of that prediction hinged on the virus slowing down over the summer, which appears not to be happening. 

Much of the attention aimed at fall has now shifted to concern over the possibility of two potentially lethal viruses circulating at the same time. Redfield told Time Magazine in June, “The real risk is that we’re going to have two circulating respiratory pathogens at the same time,” referring to both the coronavirus and the seasonal flu.

What’s a ‘second wave’ anyway? Can there be more?

Generally speaking, a “wave” in a pandemic is a period of increasing disease transmission following an overall decline. In the US and many parts of the world, after peaking in April, new cases declined modestly then plateaued through most of May before starting to spike again in late June. If and when infection rates have declined substantially across the board, when they begin to climb again, that will indicate the next or “second wave.” The longer the pandemic goes on, the more waves are likely to occur.

Spikes in new coronavirus cases have already been documented in areas emerging from lockdown. Wisconsin, for example, experienced its biggest single-day increase in new infections and deaths exactly two weeks after the state Supreme Court overturned the governor’s stay-at-home order. Georgia, which was one of the first states to start lifting lockdown orders, is beginning to see an uptick in new cases after several weeks of plateau.

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